Saturday, September 26, 2015

Growing Giant Sequoia Trees From Seed

Giant sequoia trees (Sequoiadendron giganteum) are the largest living things on Earth.   They can live for thousands of years, reach almost three hundred feet in height, resist droughts and forest fires. The single largest sequoia tree now living, General Sherman, has sequestered over a lifetime of carbon emissions by the average American.   What is more, giant sequoias can grow throughout much of the world in temperate regions, including most of the continental United States, so long as they have sufficient water (around 30 inches or 762 mm each year).  Sequoias are common in Britain, but are also in mainland Europe, New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Canada, and almost every state in the U.S.

Establishing sequoias is very difficult, and with trial and error you can expect years of frustration, even if you buy saplings rather than seeds. Even with saplings we didn't have any success establishing sequoias outside in the Midwest until we started using the Waterboxx PlantCocoon to grow sequoias for the first few years.  Since starting to use the Waterboxx PlantCocoon, we have had 100% success, detailed here and here.

As sequoias proved such fun to plant and are so beneficial to the environment, we wanted to know if we could grow sequoia trees from seed.  We had tried this before, but had very poor germination rates (around ~1%), and many of our trees that did germinate soon died.  We were determined to try again, but to follow the best advice available for growing these seeds.

We bought 500 giant sequoia seeds from, on here or more cheaply from their website here.  Sequoia seeds need a very specific process mimicking their natural environment to germinate (including a wet "fall" and cold "winter"), so we tried to replicate that in as short a period as possible.  To start, we laid our seeds on a paper towel and moistened them with water (distilled water for best results as it doesn't contain mold).

Seeds on July 16, 2015, right after getting them in the mail.  Our biggest problem was having the patience to not plant before "hardening" for a month in the fridge.  
We covered these seeds with another moist paper towel, and them put them on a portion of a paper plate.  We then put these in a clean, sealed plastic bag.  This simulated our wet "fall", in order to reawaken the seeds.  For our winter, we placed this plastic bag in the vegetable crisper in the fridge for 30 days.

After 30 days, we removed our seeds.  We started with 500 seeds, but given our poor germination rate before, we didn't expect most to produce anything.  We took about half of these seeds to be planted.  We set up a Cone-tainer rack filled with 98 soil holding cone-tainers (both available here).  We filled these full of potting soil.  For about half of the cone-tainers, we also added some vermiculite, which is excellent at holding moisture.  We then took the very small seeds, and added them to the top of the soil mixture.  For half of the cone-tainers, we used only one seed, and for the other half we used three to four.  We pushed the seeds down slightly into the soil, but we did not bury the seeds.

Our 98 Cone-tainers in a tray, with our seeds just planted, on August 18, 2015.  The vermiculite containing Cone-tainers are white on top.
We waited about two weeks, but didn't see any of the promised germination.  We thought that perhaps nights were getting too cool (sometimes into the upper 50s Fahrenheit), so we put a cold frame we had previously built over the sequoias seeds.

The cone-tainers in our 2x4 foot cold frame.
Within two days, we started to see germination of our tiny trees.  We did our best to keep the tiny seedling moist without over watering.

Tiny sequoia trees, just growing from seed on August 31, 2015
We had about 25% germination in our first round. We wanted to have a giant Sequoia tree growing from each Cone-Tainer, so we planted more seeds in each Cone-Tainer that didn't have one germinate.

We did have a few Cone-Tainers with more than two sequoias germinate. We wanted didn't want competition to hurt both sequoias, so we removed the smaller sequoia seedling so the larger could continue to grow unabated.  When we removed the smaller sequoia, what we found was astounding (to us, at least).  Giant sequoias send down a true tap root!   This is incredible, as many trees just send out shallow, lateral, fibrous roots.  This true tap root means sequoias can tap deep sources or water (like water held in capillary channels) as well as underground aquifers.  This means that sequoias will be able to withstand droughts very well.  This only makes sense as many sequoias have lived for three millennia, through many droughts, in California.

A tiny sequoia sapling, a little over a month (9/26/15) after planting, with a taproot over three times the length of the trunk.  These tap roots enable sequoias to survive very long periods without rain.

We are growing these sequoias from seed in Central Indiana, which has harsh winters, so we decided to move our saplings inside to a window sill over the Fall and Winter and provide a little artificial light to speed up growth.  There is a chance this may disrupt the seasonal rhythm of the plant, but we judged this risk as lower than the risk from the freezing.

The sequoias inside (all moved close to get the most light) on October 3, 2015.  We have had about a 33% germination rate so far - not bad for this very difficult to start tree.
We are very impressed that the eventual structure (and beautiful red trunk) has already begun to become evident.
A sequoia about 5 weeks old - we hope this sequoia is 10 inches tall by spring to it can be planted outside with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon.
At this point (October 6, 2015), we still have about 70% of our Cone-tainers without any sequoia seedlings.  This means our germination and survival rate has been somewhere around 15% (because we planted about two seeds per Cone-tainer, on average).  We want each Cone-tainer to have one sequoia, so we planted the most of the remaining seeds into the empty Cone-tainers.  We did save a few seeds just in case none germinated in some Cone-tainers.  

We hope to see these sequoias grow to the point they can be transplanted outdoors with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon®.  They will need to be about 8-10 inches tall at that time.

Our greater hope is to see giant sequoias planted on public and private property throughout the United States and rest of the world.  This tree grows so large, so fast, and lives so long, that it may be the only affordable way to decrease carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, counteracting the problems caused by excessive carbon dioxide.

We will continue to update this post with our sequoia from seed progress.  We would love to hear your comments below.

If you would like to plant sequoias you already have outside, with the Waterboxx, you can buy a Waterboxx PlantCocoon here.

Sunday, September 20, 2015

Using San Francisco Fog To Grow Plants

The San Francisco area has a unique and many would say ideal climate.  It has wet winters (fitting in with more of a Mediterranean Climate) and very dry summers.  In fact, the average direct precipitation for the months of May, June, July, and August combined is less than one inch.  This is unfortunate for would be gardeners or tree planters, as almost all growth for most gardens and deciduous trees takes place during those four months.  This has meant that gardens and newly planted trees have needed irrigation or hand watering by homeowners in the San Francisco area.  This has become increasingly difficult to do with the drought that most of California is experiencing.

San Francisco, however, has a unique form of precipitation that is widely known but rarely recognized - fog.  San Francisco averages 108 foggy days every year, on average, or almost a third of the year.  This fog usually is deposited in such a thin layer on the soil that it quickly evaporates after sunrise.  However, a new device is changing that.

The great Golden Gate Bridge enveloped in fog, an important source of precipitation in coastal California (Photo from NPS, public domain)

A device called the Groasis Waterboxx Plantcocoon®, or Waterboxx for short, is able to collect and store this fog.  The Waterboxx was designed to grow trees in deserts or in areas bordering deserts, and to accomplish this goal it takes advantage of many techniques first developed by nature.  One of these techniques is the Lotus Effect.  The lotus leaf, in nature, exhibits a property called superhydrophobicity, roughly translated as extreme resistance to water sticking.  The lotus leaf has this property because of tiny pyramids on its surface that prevent water molecules from attaching to each other.  The lotus leaf  does this to keep dirt, bacteria, and fungi from sticking to its leaves.  You can see this illustrated below.

Graphic by William Thielicke showing pyramidal structure of the surface of the Lotus leaf.  This surface guarantees that water won't stick to the surface of the lotus leaf, or the Groasis Waterboxx lid that has similar microscopic pyramids on its surface.  
When we zoom out again to see a lotus leaf on the visible level, you can see how well it repels water, as below.

Water sticks to most surfaces, but not the lotus leaf - From Ralf Pfeifer via Wikipedia 
How does the Waterboxx uses this lotus leaf property, and how can this help people garden and plant trees?  The Waterboxx has a lid that is inspired by the lotus leaf, with microscopic pyramids preventing the water from clumping together and then evaporating.  It is also sloped and corrugated, which directs all water deposited on it down to a siphon and into a reservoir for later use.  In this way, dew and fog can be harvested every morning and stored for use by the plant.  This allows trees and garden plants grown with the Waterboxx to go very long periods (and perhaps indefinitely) without manual watering.

A close up view of the Waterboxx growing tomatoes.   You can see how no water sticks to the corrugated, lotus leaf inspired white lid of the Waterboxx (except the rim). Dew and occasional rainfall kept this Waterboxx full from May planting until September, with no manual watering.  

The Waterboxx was designed to plant trees in the desert, and as designed can provide all the water a tree needs for over a year with no human intervention (watering) after set up.  It allows you to plant bare root trees (available here), in the Spring, Summer, Fall and the San Francisco area Winter.  These trees won't need any watering or work until they have almost outgrown the Waterboxx, at which point you lift the Waterboxx up and reuse it for up to ten years.
A schematic, cutaway view of the Waterboxx.  Dew, fog, and occasional rain is caught by the tan colored lid, funneled down siphons (seen in red here) into the green reservoir, which holds 15 liters or almost 4 gallons.  This water is slowly released by a wick to the roots of the Waterboxx, and induces the roots of the tree to grow deep, accessing capillary water deeper in the soil.  Image from

The Waterboxx isn't just used to grow trees, but also can be used for any garden plant with a compact central stalk, like tomatoes, peppers, melons, and zucchini.  You can buy the Waterboxx or see it used to grow many plants on the Dew Harvest website here.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Planting Trees in San Francisco

The headline of this post may strike some as ill-timed.  Isn't it a terrible time to plant trees in San Francisco and the surrounding area because of the historic drought?  Won't any trees planted simply die from drought?  If the trees don't die from drought, won't any newly planted trees require a great deal of watering, eating up scarce time and scarce water?

The answer to all three of the questions is a resounding "No".  It is an excellent time to plant trees in the San Francisco area, because of new technology.  Over the last decade, a new device called the Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon® (or Waterboxx for short) has been developed in Holland.  This device has been tested in the most extreme deserts on Earth (the Sahara, Ecuador, the Persian Gulf Arabian Desert), with incredible results.  When used as directed in these areas, 88-99% of Waterboxxes have a tree surviving after one year, with no further watering or work.  This Waterboxx planted tree is then resistant to further drought because of deep, Waterboxx induced roots.  The Waterboxx can then be reused on other trees.  This is all explained in the video below.

The Waterboxx is a simple appearing device that is actually quite complicated, using many ideas inspired by nature to collect, store, and distribute scarce water.  It's tan colored lid is actually modeled on a lotus leaf, and uses a special property called the lotus effect to prevent water from sticking to it.  This property allows dew and fog (famous in the San Francisco area) to be collected on by the surface of the Waterboxx and funneled into the green reservoir.  Once in the reservoir, the water can be contained for long periods, while being slowly released through a wick to the soil below.  This water percolates through the soil straight down into a column.  This column of water induces the tree's roots (which grow only where there is water, just like leaves grow only where there is sun) to grow straight down.   Once the tree's roots reach  deep into the ground, the tree will be far more resistant to drought because it has reached the capillary water stored in the soil.  See an explanation of capillary water here.

The Waterboxx can be used to plant one or two trees in the central "figure eight" opening of the Waterboxx.  If two trees are planted, the stronger of these trees is allowed to remain after 12-18 months, when the Waterboxx is removed and reused to plant other trees.  After planting, no other work is needed for that tree - no watering, no weeding, no mulching, until the Waterboxx is removed.  You can reuse the Waterboxx up to ten years.

You can see the incredible results of the Waterboxx around the world in the pictures below.

A beechwood tree's growth, in Ecuador, over just one year.  The Waterboxx allows all water to be used efficiently so sunlight and tree selection become the most important determinants of a trees growth.

You can hardly find a more arid place than the Sahara Desert, but the Waterboxx allowed these salt cedar trees to survive and thrive in an area almost nothing else did (in Morocco).

Growth of a giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) in Indiana over 2 years with the Waterboxx.  This tree hasn't been watered once by since planting, but still thrives far from its native range due to the Waterboxx.  
The most important thing to remember when planting trees with the Waterboxx is to plant small trees initially - about 2 foot tall saplings that are shipped bare root.  Most online nurseries sell these trees for between 5-10 dollars.  The most inexpensive site we have found is

The Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon provides tree lovers a way to plant trees even during drought, without having to water.  It can allow land owners or community organizations to truly green areas that are suffering due to tree or other wildlife loss.  The Waterboxx works for up to 10 years and 10 tree plantings, and is surprisingly affordable.  You can learn more or buy the Waterboxx here.

Sunday, September 13, 2015

Trees to Plant in the Great Plains

The Western Great Plains is a beautiful and vital part of the north American landscape.  Recently, the high winds this flat area endures have made it of interest for wind farms, as shown by the wind map below.
Wind Resources Map, From U.S. Department of Energy, public domain.  Purple areas represent fastest wind speeds 

Wind turbines can be well over 300 feet tall (to access the fastest wind), but land owners tend to be concerned with wind closer to the ground causing erosion and property damage.  For this reason, many people chose to plant windbreaks.  What trees are best for the western Great Plains?  With the invaluable help of Mike Groenewold of the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission, the following list was compiled.  We recommend planting all of the following trees and shrubs as saplings with the Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon.

Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) - You have almost certainly seen this extremely useful tree somewhere but not recognized it.  It has (toxic) pods that hold its seeds (similar to its distant cousin Thornless Honeylocust).  It can form deep roots if induced (with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon) that make it very drought tolerant.  This tree has large, extremely fragrant flowers in late spring for up to 10 days, and makes great honey if you have bees on your property.  This tree generally grows 40 to 50 feet high and about 30 feet wide.  The wood itself is extremely strong, and was once used to make ship nails!  However, due to the sharp angle at which the branches attach to the trunk, the branches can frequently break if there are not other windbreaks nearby.  This is one of the few trees that restores nitrogen to the soil, so it may improve nearby plant growth.  It does spread very easily vegetatively, however.  Younger trees would need to be protected from deer with Growsafes.  Black locust grows from zones 4-8 (most of the continental U.S.) You can buy this tree here.

Black Locust Tree (From NPS, public domain)

Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana) - This small tree (which rarely reaches over 16 feet in size).  It is important not to plant this within 500 feet of any peach or fruit orchards due to a disease that may be spread.

American Plum (Prunus americana) - This tree/shrub grows up to 15 feet in height, making it ideal for interplanting with black locust.  This plant does send up suckers, which can be unsightly but also help stabilize the soil.  This plant of course produces edible fruit, which has been eaten by native Americans for centuries.  Both white tailed and mule deer feed on the berries, and the dense shrubbery provide cover for them.

Common ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius) - This attractive shrub is also useful for interplanting between black locust or other taller trees. You can buy common ninebark shrubs here.  

Bur Oak  (Quercus marcocarpa) - This is a slow growing oak, which can be frustrating to many land owners.  However, the other advantages of this tree outweigh the costs, in our opinion.  This tree is more drought resistant than almost any other oak, and due to this fact can grow in the western Great Plains.  This tree grows 80 feet high and up to 80 feet wide, and can live for 400 years.  This tree can be bought, bare root and appropriate for planting with the Waterboxx, here.  

Bur Oak - this tree can be planted with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon and will never need to be watered again.  

These trees are felt to be invasive and should be avoided:
Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)
Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)
White Mulberry (Morus alba)
Common Buckthrorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

As we noted above, we recommend planting bare root trees (saplings) with the Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon - available here.

We would love to hear your comments below.

Weed Control with the Groasis Waterboxx

When planting trees or other plants, weed control in the root and canopy zone of the desirable plant is very important.  Weeds will naturally grow next to almost any planted tree or other plant, and rob the plant of water, sunlight, and nutrients.  The weeds can also serve as hosts for damaging insects and hide rodents that will feast on your plant.  While there may have been no weeds in the undisturbed soil before tree planting, the act of disturbing the soil and watering a new tree encourages weeds to also take root.

There were previously multiple options for weed control around new trees or other plants, none of them very good.  Herbicide could be sprayed at the base of the plant to kills weeds, but for most plants (unless glyphosate resistant) this could cause as much harm to desired plant as undesirable weeds.  Organic mulch could be used, but as this breaks down it forms a good soil into which weeds can grow.  Fabric can be used , but this tends to slowly puncture and weeds will find their way through it.  Recently, rubber mats have become popular, but these also keep rain from trickling down to the desired plants roots.

As none of these options were previously very good, something else needed to be found.  Enter the Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon, or Waterboxx for short.  The Waterboxx was not invented as weed control - not at all.  The Waterboxx was invented as a self refilling water battery for trees and other plants. filling up from dew and rainwater.  This water is then channeled to the root of the growing plant.  All of this happens naturally (without electricity) due to the ingenious design of the Waterboxx.

A schematic cutaway view of the Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon, or the Waterboxx for short.  Dew and rain are collected on the tan lid, funneled down the siphon (shown in red) to the green reservoir, and slowly released to the roots of the growing tree by a wick.  No weeds can grow for almost 10 inches in any direction from the trunk of the small tree.  
The Waterboxx surrounds the trunk of the growing plant.  Its central opening allows the plant to grow.  The reservoir of the Waterboxx sits on the soil surrounding the desired plant.  Here, in addition to preventing evaporation of soil moisture, it prevents weed growth around the tree or plant.  For trees, the Waterboxx is removed after 1-2 years, after the tree is well established and has a large canopy that will block out weeds at the base of the tree.  For annual plants (like tomatoes, peppers, melons or other cucurbits), the Waterboxx is left in place for the life of the plant, preventing any competing weed growth.

A giant sequoia growing over two years with the Waterboxx in Indiana - no weed pulling or external watering was every needed for this tree, even after the Waterboxx was removed.
The Waterboxx is made of food safe UV resistant plastic and can last for up to 10 years, so it can be reused for several trees or for a decade in the garden.  It can help eliminate herbicide use, and allow us all to plant a more green, living world.  The Waterboxx can allow us to plant trees that grow so large as to combat our own personal carbon dioxide emissions.  Finally, the Waterboxx can allow us to plant trees in areas long considered too dry for trees.

Learn more about the Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon here.

We would love to hear your comments below.

Saturday, September 5, 2015

Planting Trees Along Route 66

Route 66 is the Automobile Age's Oregon Trail and Transcontinental Railroad, combined into one.  It has been the symbolic and frequently the actual route for Americans to migrate westward.  It is a  holiday route for Europeans who want to experience main street America - but who do not want to experience the America of interstates or airports.
Route 66 in blue with modern interstates in black.  This map shows how this highway connected the Heartland of the nation  (starting n Chicago and going through many small towns) with the West Coast (image from National Park Service, Public Domain)

Route 66 was the route the Joads took to escape the Dust Bowl in Tom Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath, in which the author called it "The Mother Road".  It is the subject of famous songs by Nat King Cole and again by The Rolling Stones, The Rolling Stones version is seen below:

A more recent movie (Cars by Disney, 2006) has also highlighted how Route 66 helped small towns along the route of the highway thrive.  Today, as most Americans fly cross country, much has been lost along this highway which once connected the eastern and western halves of our country.  We would venture to guess that most Americans have never driven even a small part of this famous road.

Today, America faces many challenges.  Much of our history is being forgotten.  The automobile and by extension this famous highway are becoming viewed more as the causes of problems (traffic, carbon dioxide emissions) rather than solutions to problems.

That is why an effort is being led by retired General Frank Schober of New Mexico and Pieter Hoff, inventor of the Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon®, of the Netherlands, to plant trees along the famous old Route 66.  The first leg of this effort has been already been completed, with Waterboxxes being purchased for use in Galena, Kansas.  You can see a video about that planting here.

This tree planting effort shows how a brilliant new technology, the Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon®, can allow trees and motorists to develop a symbiotic relationship.  The trees rely on the carbon dioxide emitted by the cars to grow, and the motorists get the fresher air and better scenery provided by the trees.  The Waterboxx PlantCocoon® allows this relationship to come about because it fundamentally changes how trees get water.

A schematic cutaway view of the Waterboxx, showing how the tree is planted in the center, rain and dew are collected on the tan lid and stored in the green reservoir, and released via the white wick into the soil below.  From

The Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon® is the ideal technology for planting trees along Route 66.  It collects and stores dew and rain water, and slowly funnels it to the roots of the growing tree sapling.  This forces the tree to grow deep tap roots which allow it to survive droughts, even after the Waterboxx PlantCocoon® is removed.  The Waterboxx PlantCocoon® can  be removed and reused to plant other trees for up to ten years.  We hope to plant many long lived trees with this device along Route 66 and in other deforested places.

If you own or care for land along Route 66 and would like to plant trees with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon®, it is available in business order sizes here or consumer order sizes here.

We would love to hear your comments below.

Friday, September 4, 2015

How Many Trees Are There On Earth?

A new study out in the Journal Nature states that there are almost 3 trillion trees on the Earth, or over 400 trees for every person currently living.  As trees are vital to our atmosphere (using carbon dioxide and producing oxygen), serving as the counterpoint to animals (which of course use oxygen and produce carbon dioxide), the large number of trees is good news.  However, the study showed a far more concerning fact - we are cutting down 15 billion trees a year, and replacing only 5 billion, for a net loss of 10 billion trees per year.  Humans have cut down almost 50% of all trees since the advent of civilization, a staggering fact that may explain much of the drying out of whole regions (as trees can make it rain).

A farmer who harvested a field and didn't replant it would soon starve or become bankrupt.  So, why are we cutting down so many trees and not replanting them?  The reasons are many - some of the land is turned to grazing, some to agricultural production, some to urban development.

It is unlikely that we would ever turn good agricultural land back into forest -especially with increasing food prices and an increasing number of mouths to feed on the Earth.  It is just as unlikely that we will demolish houses to plant trees.  However, trees' role in pulling carbon from the air and storing it for long periods, potentially millenia (in very long lived trees like sequoias) in their trunks or centuries (in wood used for construction) cannot be overstated.  So, what are we to do?  Don't we lack the land needed to grow new trees?  As we cannot demolish our neighborhoods, where are trees to be planted?

A giant sequoia, growing over two years with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon in Indiana.  This tree was never watered after planting with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon, not even after the Waterboxx PlantCocoon was removed.
First, in most areas where new homes and businesses are built, very few trees remain.  These construction sites are called "greenfield" for a reason - they are generally fields when construction is underway.  If you have a new home with a barren yard - congratulations - you get to choose the trees you plant there.  This is especially important for very large yards, as your tree choice will affect your home value more than almost anything else.  Throughout this site, we have tree recommendations for longevity and other virtues.  If you live in a fairly wet, temperate area in the United States and want to plant trees that will counteract your lifetime carbon emissions, may we suggest planting giant sequoias on large plots of land.  This may sound outlandish, but this tree grows throughout much of the U.S. (and the world), and has been planted from Scotland to New Zealand.  Small sequoias can be bought here and are much more likely to survive if planted with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon, sold here.  

Second, large parts of the western half of the United States is considered desert or near desert - and indeed it is by rainfall totals.  Little is thought to be able to grow there, so it is not used as agricultural land.  However, trees that establish deep roots are able to survive where other plants cannot.  The problem is that it is very hard for trees to get established in desert areas, especially as most rain falls in a short period and then there is no precipitation for many months.

The Algodones Sand Sea desert in California (Photo from USGS, by Peter Kresan, public domain).  Surely no tree could ever grow here - except with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon.
This dry spell once meant the death of any planted trees - until, that is, the invention of the Waterboxx PlantCocoon.  This device, which is best described as a intelligent plant incubator or a self-refilling water battery for young trees, collects dew and rain water, stores it in a reservoir, and slowly releases it to the roots of a growing tree sapling.  This tree is allowed to grow for about a year, when its roots will reach much deeper capillary water.  Once this happens, but before a tree gets too large, the Waterboxx PlantCocoon is removed and reused for other trees.  In this way, large areas of desert land can be planted with trees, providing shade, wood, habitat for wildlife, and potentially foliage for grazing animals (depending on tree selection).  You can see how the Waterboxx PlantCocoon works in the video below:

So, has the Waterboxx PlantCocoon ever been shown to work in the desert.  In fact, it has.  88% of salt cedar trees planted with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon survived in the Sahara desert, as seen below.

Salt Cedar trees growing with the Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon in the Sahara Desert in Morocco.  

 Ghaf trees (really more shrub or bush like plants) planted in the Kuwaiti desert with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon thrived after the Waterboxx PlantCocoon was removed.  These plants will completely change the character of the land over time, adding humus to the soil and allowing life to flourish.

Ghaf trees planted with the Groasis Waterboxx PlantCocoon in Kuwait - surviving after the Waterboxx PlantCocoon is removed.  
We hope you are as excited about planting trees in new locations as we were when we first saw the Waterboxx PlantCocoon.  We recommend you find trees that are growing somewhere in your area (you can find drought resistant broadleaf and evergreen tree suggestions on this site), and plant them with the Waterboxx PlantCocoon.  You can find out more about the Waterboxx PlantCocoon here.

We would love to hear your comments below.